MAPPING THE LEGAL AND SOCIAL SITUATION
New mappings of legal and social situation of trans people in 116 countries
The "Legal and Social Mapping" was conducted by Transgender Europe’s Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide (TvT) research project in close cooperation with activists and experts from all world regions. A comprehensive questionnaire developed by the TvT project's research team and reviewed by more than 15 researchers and activists from all six worlds regions was distributed to over 100 international activists and experts, who provided detailed information including comments and explanations on the specific situation in the respective country.
At present, 116 countries are listed in the following regions: Africa (9 countries), Asia (18 countries), Central and South America (25 countries), Europe (49 countries), and Oceania (17 countries). (Russia and Turkey are listed under both Asia and Europe).
The mappings provide detailed information on the following subjects:
Legal and Social Mapping - World #1
Legal Gender Recognition, Anti-Discrimination, Hate Crime and Asylum Legislation
These TvT ‘Legal and Social Mapping - World: #1 Legal Gender Recognition, Anti-Discrimination, Hate Crime and Asylum Legislation’ tables visualise trans-specific and trans-inclusive laws and how they are used in actual practice. The tables also list law proposals and initiatives that challenge existing measures and serve to indicate existing trans activism.
Legal and Social Mapping World #2
Criminalisation, Prosecution, State-Sponsored Discrimination and Hormones, Hormone Therapy and Gender Reassignment Treatment/Surgery
These TvT ‘Legal and Social Mapping World: #2 Criminalisation, Prosecution, State-Sponsored Discrimination and Hormones, Hormone Therapy and Gender Reassignment Treatment/Surgery’ tables provide information on legal measures that criminalise trans people, showing important differences between criminalisation and actual prosecution. The tables also show different forms of state-sponsored discrimination ranging from legal exclusion of non-binary identities to e.g. exclusion from certain professions (teachers, police, military). They also give insight into trans people’s health-care situation, showing several aspects of medically supervised hormone therapy and gender reassignment treatments, including requirements like ‘psychiatric diagnosis’, as well as the availability of funding. They also list the existence of ‘alternative practices’, such as acquiring hormones on the black market or applying industrial silicone without medical supervision.
Legal and Social Mapping - World #3
Community/Movement, Good Practices and Reports of Transphobic Incidents
These TvT ‘Legal and Social Mapping - World: #3 Community/Movement, Good Practices and Reports of Transphobic Incidents’ tables provide important information on the structures, stages of development, and successes of trans communities and movements and their activism. This includes e.g. the availability of funding for trans organisations and alliance-building with other movements. Furthermore, the mapping of the existence of good practices by trans organisations, trans communities and their allies, but also by governments and state institutions, provides deeper insight into the social situation of trans people. At the same time, we also map reports of transphobic incidences that illustrate how well widespread forms of transphobic attacks are reported and documented.
Furthermore two regional mappings (Europe and Oceania) including all topics have been produced by the TvT team:
Legal and Social Mapping - Europe
Legal and Social Mapping - Oceania
The TvT mappings are designed such that they enable a regular update and extensions of the tables. Therefore, any information and evaluation of the presented tables is highly welcomed and will be analysed and included in regular updates. In the course of 2015, we will step by step present more elaborated information, including context information, references, law texts, etc. in selected country sections of the new TvT website.