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March 2011

Alarming figures

Transgender Europe’s Trans Murder Monitoring project reveals

more than 500 reported murders of trans people in the last 3 years

The March 2011 update has revealed a total of 539 cases of reported killings of trans people from January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2010. A high number of killings since the last TMM update and additional cases discovered for the period of the last three years confirms earlier reports on the continuously elevated level of deadly violence against trans people on a global scale.

Cases have been reported from all six major World Regions (Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Europe, North America, and Oceania), evoking an evermore gruesome picture, especially given the very partial knowledge we are able to gain in many places. Most reported cases were from Central and South America, which amount to 424 cases and account for 80 % of the globally reported homicides of trans people since January 2008. In 2008, 95 killings were reported in 13 Central and South American countries, in 2009, 161 killings in 16 Central and South American countries, and in 2010 168 killings in 13 Central and South American countries. Killings of trans people have been reported from Argentina (8), Brazil (227), Chile (2), Colombia (26), Costa Rica (3), Cuba (1), the Dominican Republic (7), Ecuador (10), El Salvador (6), Guatemala (28), Honduras (27), Jamaica (1), Mexico (27), Nicaragua (2), Paraguay (3), Peru (7), Puerto Rico (7) Uruguay (1), and Venezuela (31). The starkest increase in reports is also to be found in Central and South America, e.g. in Brazil (2008: 57, 2009: 69, 2010: 101), Guatemala (2008: 1, 2009: 13, 2010: 14) and Mexico (2008: 4, 2009: 11, 2010: 12). The data also show an alarming increase in reported murders in Turkey in the previous years (2008: 2, 2009: 5, 2010: 6).

In total, the preliminary results show 539 reports of murdered trans people in 42 countries since January 2008.

The new result update reveals furthermore that in the last 3 years, 38 homicides of trans people were reported in the USA (2008: 17, 2009: 13, 2010: 8), 37 in Europe (2008: 11, 2009: 17, 2010: 9), 35 in Asia (2008: 10, 2009: 13, 2010: 12) and 3 in Oceania (2008: 2, 2009: 1) as well as 2 in Africa (2008: 1, 2009: 1).

The March 2011 update of the preliminary results reveals that since January 2008 37 killings of trans people have been reported in 8 European countries (Albania: 1, Germany: 2, Italy: 13, Portugal: 1, Spain: 3, Serbia: 1, Turkey: 13, and UK: 3). In Asia, since January 2008 35 killings of trans people have been reported in 10 countries (Azerbaijan: 2, China: 6, India: 6, Indonesia: 3, Iraq: 3, Malaysia: 5, Pakistan: 6, Philippines: 1, Singapore: 1, and Thailand: 2). In Oceania, 3 killings have been reported since 2008 (Australia: 1, New Caledonia: 1, and New Zealand: 1) and in Africa 2 (South Africa: 1, and Algeria: 1).

If you want to reference the data provided, please use the following citation: TvT research project (2011) “Trans Murder Monitoring results: February 2011 update,” “Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide” (TvT) project website: http://www.transrespect-transphobia.org/en/tvt-project/tmm-results/tmm-march-2011.htm

Map showing the TMM results from January 2008 to December 2010:

Click image to view large version.

Further information

A RESEARCH PROJECT BY

TGEU Transgender Europe